Typical course structure

A typical two-day course begins with a number of short conferences to set the context regarding the latest technology and indications. Three to four surgical operations performed live are then broadcast in the conference room with the possibility for ongoing dialogue between the room and the surgeon.

The second day is devoted to a repetition of the techniques presented the first day. The senior surgeon once again performs an operation on an anatomical specimen, breaking down and describing each stage, something which is not possible with "live" surgery on a patient. The participants then repeat the same procedure on their own workstations under the direct supervision of the seniors.

We have shown that this technique provides the best way for training surgeons in this new technology, and considerably reduces the learning curve.